What is the Scientific Method?
scientific method is the universally accepted, organized approach to the
study of science. It consists of the following:
reasonable hypothesis, based on completed background reading
relevant research (often including experiments) so you can evaluate your
observations and data
relating directly to your hypothesis
discussion and explanation of the results (unexpected or expected),
including ideas on how the project might be expanded and how results might
be applied in the future
is the difference between an experimental project and a
You may choose to do an experimental or a non-experimental/research project.
Experimental projects: These projects involve testing a hypothesis
under controlled conditions using the scientific method. As the researcher,
you control several variables, manipulate one variable in a controlled way,
and then measure, record and analyze the responding variable to reach a
Non-experimental/research projects: These projects include surveys,
model construction, computer programming, engineering design, and literature
SECONDARY STUDENTS: You may choose to do an experimental project, an
innovation, or a study.
These projects involve testing a hypothesis under controlled conditions
using the scientific method. As the researcher, you control several
variables, manipulate one variable in a controlled way, and then measure,
record and analyze the responding variable, to reach your conclusion.
Innovation projects: These projects focus on the
development and evaluation of innovative devices, models or techniques in
technology, engineering or computers (hardware or software). As the
researcher, you should demonstrate an understanding of the properties of
the materials/methods used, the reasons for choosing them, and the
effectiveness of your design. Test your innovation and modify it if you
discover shortcomings during testing.
Study Projects: These projects involve the
collection and analysis of data to reveal evidence of a fact or a
situation of scientific interest. They could include a study of cause and
effect relationships or theoretical investigations of scientific data.
What are the elements of an experimental project?
To learn about the elements of an experimental project,
are the elements of a non-experimental/research project?
To learn about the elements of a non-experimental/research project,
What is a logbook?
Every student doing a science fair project MUST HAVE A LOGBOOK.
To learn about logbooks,
What are some pointers for oral presentations on judging day?
To learn about project presentations,
What do you need to know about backboards/tri-folds?
To learn about backboards/tri-folds
are the top ten ways you can improve your project?
What are the judges looking for when they evaluate your project?
To view a copy of the
Elementary Judging Tally Sheet,
To view a copy of the
Secondary Judging Tally Sheet,
Is there a video that
shows how to do a science fair project?
To view an excellent video/dvd
by the Canada Wide Science Fair and Encana during the Canada Wide Science Fair
at Truro, NS,